Hari Lahir Pancasila 1 Juni 2023 : Sejarah dan Maknanya


Hari Lahir Pancasila 1 Juni 2023 : Sejarah dan Maknanya

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Pekanbaru, – Berdasarkan Keppres Nomor 24 Tahun 2016, tanggal 1 Juni merupakan salah satu hari penting dalam kalender bangsa Indonesia. Pasalnya, di tanggal tersebut diperingati sebagai Hari Lahir Pancasila. Pemilihan tanggal 1 Juni sebagai Hari Lahir Pancasila merujuk pada momen sidang Dokuritsu Junbi Cosakai (Badan Penyelidik Usaha Persiapan Kemerdekaan/BPUPKI) dalam upaya merumuskan dasar negara Republik Indonesia.  Badan ini menggelar sidang pertamanya pada tanggal 29 Mei 1945. Dalam sidang tersebut, anggota BPUPKI membahas mengenai dasar-dasar Indonesia merdeka.

Dalam sidang kedua  BPUPKI, Soekarno dalam pidatonya yang bertajuk “Lahirnya Pancasila” berkesempatan menyampaikan gagasannya mengenai konsep awal Pancasila yang menjadi dasar negara Indonesia tepatnya pada 1 Juni 1945. Pidato ini pada awalnya disampaikan oleh Soekarno secara aklamasi tanpa judul dan baru mendapat sebutan “Lahirnya Pancasila” oleh mantan Ketua BPUPKI Dr. Radjiman Wedyodiningrat dalam kata pengantar buku yang berisi pidato yang kemudian dibukukan oleh BPUPKI.

Dalam pidatonya Soekarno menyampaikan ide serta gagasannya terkait dasar negara Indonesia merdeka, yang dinamai “Pancasila”. Panca artinya lima, sedangkan sila artinya prinsip atau asas. Pada saat itu Bung Karno menyebutkan lima dasar untuk negara Indonesia, yakni Sila pertama “Kebangsaan”, sila kedua “Internasionalisme atau Perikemanusiaan”, sila ketiga “Demokrasi”, sila keempat “Keadilan sosial”, dan sila kelima “Ketuhanan yang Maha Esa”.

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